Stock Guarantees and Stock Options: What Exactly Are They?

Stock warrants and stock options are similar contracts that allow you to speculate on the future of the company, but what are the main differences?

As you delve deeper into the world of investing, you’re bound to encounter some terms you’ve never heard before. Investing can be as simple as you want, but it doesn’t hurt to be told.

With this in mind, we’ve decided to take a look at two terms you may come across during your investment journey: stock guarantees and stock options.

What are stock warrants?

First, let’s quickly review what exactly the action is. A stock is a type of security that represents partial ownership of a company. When you invest money in a stock, you receive shares in that company, allowing you to know exactly how much of the business you have now. These shares are issued by the company to increase capital.

Stock warrants, on the other hand, give the holder the right to purchase shares at a certain price and on a certain date. Having a share guarantee does not give you ownership of the company in question, it only acts as a contract that the company is legally bound to abide by if it decides to use it.

Companies issue stock warrants to raise capital quickly, and they are especially useful in the early stages of growth, as investors can secure very low prices for minimal investment and potentially make a lot of profit, while companies benefit from making money instantly.

For example, a public company can sell warrants for $10 while its shares trade at $100. This guarantee will ensure that you can buy shares at a price of $100 at any time within the next five years. If the share price rises to $200 during that time, collateral holders can exercise their right to buy and acquire shares at a substantial discount. Investors benefit by making a profit, and the company benefits by raising much-needed capital at an early stage and by increasing future capital when collateral is made.

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What are stock options?

Stock options are bought by investors who speculate on whether a stock will rise or fall in the future. A put option indicates that the buyer believes that the stock will rise, and a put option indicates that the buyer believes that the stock will fall.

Like a stock guarantee, a stock option gives the buyer the right to purchase shares at an agreed price and date. The main difference, however, is that stock options are not issued by the company. When you buy a stock option, you make a transaction with another investor.

For example, if a stock is trading at $50 and you think it will increase by $10, you can buy a $60 call option. This option will have an associated price and date. If the price rises to $80 before the expiration date, your option is now worth a profit of $20, as the stock is trading at $20 higher than the price at which you have the contract to buy it.

Stock options are inherently risky. Basically, you bet on the future stock price. The market can go up or down for a very wide variety of reasons. If your option does not reach the required price by the specified date, it will expire with a value of zero. Predicting the market incorrectly can be very expensive.

Should I buy stock warrants or options?

Both guarantees and options carry a certain level of risk. Each of them can be very profitable if used correctly, but they also require you to accurately predict the future of the company. As the COVID-19 pandemic has shown us, the market is completely out of our control and even the most researched predictions can become useless by external factors. A much more reliable way to grow your investment is to buy and hold valuable stocks over the long term. With this strategy, while you’re still trying to predict the future of the company, you’re much less likely to lose everything. Why not take a look at our article on the best way to
buy stocks to get  an idea of how to get started?